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Metabolism can be defined as the ________.
Which of the following statements about nutrients is true?
The body loses heat by ________.
most abundant elements in the foods and beverages you consume are oxygen,
carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Why might having these elements in consumables
of the following organelles produces large quantities of ATP when both glucose
and oxygen are available to the cell?
of the following lines and protects the body from the outside environment?
________ connects bone to bone and ________ connects bone to muscle.
Which of the following processes is not a fundamental
sign of inflammation?
general, skin cancers ________.
Bedsores or pressure sores caused during
prolonged field care conditions ________.
In humans, exposure of the skin to sunlight
is required for ________.
After a skin injury, the body initiates a
wound-healing response. The first step of this response is the formation of a
blood clot to stop bleeding. Which of the following would be the next response?
Without red marrow, bones
would not be able to ________.
Whilst giving your patient an intraosseous cannulation,
the needle goes through the ________ and ends in the ________, where the fluid
has room to be absorbed.
How can a fractured diaphysis release fat
globules into the bloodstream?
In a compound fracture, ________.
Calcium cannot be absorbed from the small
intestine if ________ is lacking.
The paranasal sinuses are ________.
True ribs are ________.
During suprapubic catheterisation, a 14g cannulation needle is placed just superiorly to the pubic symphysis. What is attached to the posterior side of this bone?
During intraosseous cannulation of the leg, what bony prominence is the land mark for this procedure?
Which element is important in directly
Muscle fatigue is caused by ________.
A hypothetical drug blocks ATP production.
How will muscle cells respond to this drug?
Which functional division of the nervous
system would be responsible for the physiological changes seen during exercise
(e.g., increased heart rate and sweating)?
What neurotransmitter is released at the
What condition causes a stroke?
What type of receptor cell is responsible
for pain stimuli?
What type of reflex can protect the foot
when a painful stimulus is sensed?
Which of these physiological changes would
NOT be considered part of the sympathetic fight-or-flight response?
Endocrine glands ________.
Which of the following hormones contributes
to the regulation of the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance?
The first step in haemostasis is ________.
A patient has been suffering for 2 months
with a chronic, watery diarrhoea. A blood test is likely to reveal ________.
Which of the following lists the valves in
the order through which the blood flows from the vena cava through the heart?
Which chamber initially receives blood from the systemic circuit?
Which of the following best describes
What is the reason that you have to be
immunized with a new influenza vaccine each year?
The ________ circulation picks up oxygen
for cellular use and drops off carbon dioxide for removal from the body.
Which of the following are structural
features of the trachea?
What is the role of
Which of the following prevents the alveoli
Which part of the large intestine attaches
to the appendix?
In which part of the gastrointestinal tract does most of the digestion occur?
Lipids in the diet can be ________.
Fever increases the body temperature and can induce chills to help cool the temperature back down. What are other mechanisms in place to regulate the body temperature?
The colour of urine is determined mainly by
The right kidney is slightly lower because
As Remote Paramedics, we aim for our
casualties to have urine production of at least 1 mL/kg/hr. Urine output of
less than 50mL/day is called ________.
Most of the body’s calcium is found in
How soon after drinking a large glass of
water will a casualty start increasing their urine output?
What is the maximum amount of water a body can absorb that will not be excreted out of the urinary system?
Electrolytes are lost
mostly through ________.
Which of the following is a cause of
Which of the following is a cause of
Bicarbonate ion concentrations in the blood
are controlled through the ________.
What is NOT part of haemostasis during a catastrophic haemorrhage?
During the needle decompression procedure, why do we go above the rib with the 14g needle?
When a casualty sprains an ankle, the most common direction that the ankle will turn is_____________ and this injures the_____________
During rectal rehydration, where does most of the water get absorbed?