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EMTs should wear high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirators when they are in contact with patients who have
In which of these situations should you wear a gown?
You are called to assist a 60-year-old woman who complains of a severe headache. On entering the home, you smell gas. Your first action should be to
The patient is a 55-year-old male who appears to be asleep but answers when you speak to him loudly. You would classify his mental state as
Which of the following is a priority patient?
Which patient should receive high-flow oxygen via non-rebreather mask?
Your patient is Carly, age 11 months. How do you determine that she is responsive to verbal stimuli but not alert?
You would assess circulation in an infant by
Which patient is exhibiting inadequate perfusion?
Which patient is at highest risk for hidden injury?
Which patient should receive a rapid trauma evaluation?
A sign of increased pressure in the circulatory system is
A deformity refers to
When performing the rapid trauma assessment, the next step after assessing the neck is to
In order to assess the motor function in the lower extremities of a responsive patient, you would
Which patient can safely receive only a targeted physical examination rather than a rapid trauma assessment?
You are using the OPQRST acronym to assess a responsive medical patient. What question would you ask to assess the P component?
The first step in the assessment of an unresponsive medical patient is to
Which patient needs a detailed physical examination?
Where is a detailed physical assessment typically performed?
While en route to a medical facility, how often should you perform an ongoing assessment of an unstable patient?
The purpose of ongoing assessment is to reevaluate the patient’s condition and to
When performing an ongoing assessment, the next step after repeating the initial assessment is to
The EMT-Basic may sometimes enlist bystanders to assist by
Your patient tells you that he just can’t seem to catch his breath. You would describe the nature of illness as
Your patient’s mechanism of injury is a gunshot wound to the leg. In order to treat the patient effectively, it would be important for you to find out
In which of the following situations should you call for immediate assistance?
The trachea divides into two
The structure that prevents food and liquid from entering the trachea during swallowing is the
The air sacs in the lungs where oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange takes place are the
Air flow from the mouth and nose toward the mouth and nose toward the lungs is known as
The normal rate of breathing for an adult is
What happens during capillary/cellular exchange?
A sign of inadequate breathing ONLY in infants and children but not in adults is
Which of the following is a sign of inadequate breathing?
The most reliable sign that you are ventilating a patient adequately is tha
A gurgling sound heard with artificial ventilation is a sign that
The first step in artificial ventilation with a bag-valve-mask unit in patients in whom no trauma is suspected is to
The preferred method for an EMT-Basic to use to ventilate a patient is
When suctioning a patient, how far should you insert a soft French catheter?
What is the correct procedure for a patient who has secretions or emesis that suctioning cannot easily remove?
During active inhalation, the diaphragm
The purpose of the head-tilt/chin-lift is to
After opening the airway, the next step in patient management is to
The flow rate of a nonrebreather mask should be set at
A patient should receive high-flow oxygen if he or she exhibits
The first step in the delivery of high-flow oxygen via nonrebreather mask is to
When providing mouth-to-mask ventilation with supplementary oxygen, the first step after sealing the mask to the patient’s face is to
The correct rate of artificial ventilations for an adult patient is
When using the two-person bag-valve-mask procedure, one EMT ventilates the patient while the other
The cricoid cartilage is located
To perform the head-tilt/jaw-lift, you place one hand on the patient’s forehead and the fingers of your other hand
A bulb syringe is used to suction infants up to the age of
With any patient, an EMT’s most important job is to
All of the following are signs or symptoms of shock EXCEPT
If a patient’s blood pressure drops after administering nitroglycerin, you should
Your patient is a 62-year-old man with a history of heart disease. He is experiencing chest pain. Your first action should be to
Your patient is a 78-year-old woman with a history of heart disease. While you are transporting her to the hospital, she becomes unresponsive. You feel no radial pulse, but a carotid pulse is present. What should you do?
The earliest sign of shock is
Your patient is a 29-year-old man who has fallen off a ladder. He is bleeding profusely from a wound on his right forearm and has severe pain in his left thigh. Your initial treatment should include all of the following except to
Which of the following would be a life-threatening blood loss in a child?
To apply diffuse direct pressure, you would use
Your patient is bleeding profusely from a wound on her right forearm. The pressure point for this injury is the
You suspect that your patient, who has a pelvic injury, is in shock. You must receive specific medical direction before you
The most important reason for immobilizing bone injuries is to
Your patient is bleeding from a wound to the forearm. The blood flows in a steady, dark-red stream. You should immediately suspect
Your patient is restless and anxious and complaining of thirst. She exhibits increased heart rate and pale, clammy skin. You should do all of the following EXCEPT
After early access to the EMS system, the next step in the ”chain of survival” in cardiac care is
Which patient should be connected to the automatic external defibrillator?
Which heart rhythm often converts to ventricular fibrillation?
The reason for stopping CPR before applying the automatic external defibrillator is to
If the automatic external defibrillator advises you that no shock is indicated, the first thing you should do is to
After receiving three consecutive “no shock indicated” messages on the AED, you should
You are transporting a patient who has been resuscitated but who is still unresponsive. You should check the patient’s pulse
The medical direction physician orders you to deliver additional shocks to a patient in cardiac arrest while on route to the hospital. The proper procedure is to
The primary action of nitroglycerine is to
Patients commonly describe the pain of a heart attack as
Hemorrhagic shock is shock caused by
Your patient is a 19-year-old man with a severe nose bleed and no other signs of trauma. In what position should you place him?
Your patient has profuse bleeding a wound on her lower leg, but no sign of a skeletal injury. The steps you should take to stop the bleeding, in the correct order, are
All of the following are signs of a bone or joint injury EXCEPT
When using the pneumatic antishock garments as an air splint for a patient with a swollen, deformed right femur, which compartments should be inflated?
Which type of splint should you use for an angulated injury?
When splinting an injured limb, you should assess pulse, motor function, and sensation distal to the injury
You should splint the patient’s injuries before transport in all of the following cases EXCEPT
In order to support a patient’s hand in the position of function, you would
All of the following are risk factors for suicide EXCEPT
The best way to reassure an agitated patient is to
Your patient is behaving abnormally but refuses treatment after falling down a flight of stairs. Before transporting the patient without consent, you should
All of the following may be signs of a diabetic emergency EXCEPT
Administration of oral glucose by the EMT-Basic is indicated for patients with altered mental status and
Your patient has struck his head forcibly while falling down a flight of stairs. You should do all of the following EXCEPT
To which patient should you administer oral glucose?
The focused history for patients with altered mental status should include questions about a history of trauma, diabetes, seizures, and
How often should you monitor the vital signs of a patient with altered mental status?
All of the following may be signs of allergic reactions EXCEPT
Signs of allergic reactions include increased heart rate, as the heart attempts to compensate for hypoperfusion.
Which patient is most likely to benefit from receiving activated charcoal?
Your patient is a 25-year-old woman who is severely hypothermic as a result of a plunge into an icy river. Although she was rescued after only a few minutes in the water, she is showing a diminished level of responsiveness. Your care should include
Predisposing factors for hypothermia include all of the following EXCEPT
A sign of generalized cold emergency, or hypothermia, is cool skin on the
Two important principles in the emergency treatment of local cold injuries are to remove the patient from the cold environment and to
Which of the following indicates that a patient with hyperthermia is in serious danger?
When resuscitating a near-drowning victim, you should attempt to relieve gastric distention only if
Your patient has been stung by a bee, and the stinger is present in the wound. You should attempt to remove it by
When using the blow-by oxygen delivery method for an infant, the correct flow rate is
Your patient is a frightened 4-year-old girl who strongly resists receiving oxygen by mask. What should you do?
Which of the following are the signs of early respiratory distress in children and infants?
Your patient is an 8-year-old girl who has just had a single, brief seizure. Her mother reports that she has them often and is under medical treatment. You should
All of the following are signs of possible child abuse EXCEPT
A common cause of shock in young children is
Emergency care for a responsive child with a foreign-body airway obstruction includes
A 2-year-old is in respiratory failure when he has
In assessing an infant, you note a difference in the rate of the brachial and femoral pulses. This alerts you to look for other signs of
You would select the correct size oral airway for a small child by measuring from the corner of the patient’s mouth to the
Your patient is a 9-year-old girl who has cut her face. You can best comfort her and enlist her cooperation by
You are assisting with childbirth in the field. As the infant’s head is delivered, you discover that the umbilical cord is wrapped tightly around the neck. You should immediately
You have just assisted in delivering an infant with a pink body, a pulse rate of 106/minute, and good muscle tone. The infant is crying lustily. How should you care for this newborn?
Asking all of the following questions will help you decide whether delivery is imminent EXCEPT
The plastic bag included in the delivery kit is used to
The presence of a bloody show during the first stage of labor is a sign that
What happens during the third stage of labor?
If a mother bleeds excessively from her vagina after delivery, you should
Emergency care for an infant when meconium is present in the amniotic fluid includes
Emergency care for a rape victim should focus on
The reason for positioning a pregnant woman on her left side is to
Your patient is a 29-year-old woman pregnant with her second child. She is 39 weeks pregnant and saw a bloody show approximately 4 hours ago. Her contractions are 2 minutes apart and lasting 60 seconds. Transport time is approximately 45 minutes. You should
The average length of labor for a woman’s first baby is
The purpose of a critical incident stress debriefing is to
When arriving at the scene of a possible hazardous materials incident, you would identify hazards by
For which of these procedures should you wear gloves, gown, mask, and protective eyewear?
Which of the following situations represents your abandonment of a patient?
You are called to a store where a holdup has been committed. Police are already on the scene, searching for the gunmen. Through
the store window, you see the store manager, who has been shot. You should
You must notify your dispatcher of all of the following EXCEPT your
The first thing you should do after receiving orders from the medical direction physician is to
Which of the following represents proper communication with a patient?
Which of the following is an example of proper written communication?
Which statement about a patient’s right to refuse care is correct?
Which situation requires an emergency patient move?
The correct procedure for handling used airways is to
According to CDC guidelines, the process of destroying all microorganisms, including bacterial spores, is
The purpose of an incident management system is to provide
Categorizing large numbers of patients into treatment and transport categories is referred to as
In a multiple-casualty situation, which patient would be assigned the highest priority?
In a multiple-casualty situation, the lowest priority would be assigned to a patient who
Your patient is Mrs. Williams, age 84, who is having difficulty breathing. Her daughter, age 45, is with her. When communicating with this patient, you should assume that she is
Which statement about patient confidentiality is correct?
You would be violating a patient’s right to confidentiality if you
Your patient, a 69-year-old man, is in cardiac arrest. His wife informs you that their physician has written a Do Not Resuscitate order for the patient, but she does not have the written order. You should
Your patient is a 6-year-old child who fell off her bicycle. She has a suspected broken ankle, no respiratory compromise, and no suspected internal injuries. After providing necessary care at the scene, you are transporting the child and her father to the hospital. The father loudly insists that you use your siren and lights en route. You should