Pretty Bay, Malta
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Which patient’s vital signs are NOT within normal limits?
To determine a patient’s pulse rate, you would count the number of beats in
The P in the acronym SAMPLE stands for
You should assess skin color by examining an adult patient’s
Which patient would be described as alert and oriented?
Which of the following is the most important sign of labored respirations?
The quality of a patient’s pulse consists of its strength and its
You would locate a patient’s carotid pulse by first finding the Adam’s apple and then
Your patient’s pupils are not equally reactive to light. You should suspect the presence of
A responsive adult patient should receive supplementary high-flow oxygen if the breathing rate is
A contusion refers to a
Which patient is considered to be at high risk for hidden injury?
Which of the following is an example of a symptom?
In which situation should you determine the patient’s blood pressure through palpation?
When gathering information about the R part of the OPQRST acronym, you might ask your patient
Which patient should receive only a focused physical exam and SAMPLE history?
Your patient is a 19-year-old man who has been in a motorcycle accident and shows deformity and bleeding to the left leg. You would NOT perform a detailed physical exam if the patient
Continuous monitoring of a patient’s mental status is best accomplished by
The reason for asking a patient her normal blood pressure reading is to determine
You should assess the brachial pulse in patients who
Which patient is showing early signs of shock?
Which of the following is the most important sign of diabetic emergency?
Which of the following may be a sign of a breathing difficulty in an adult?
Your patient, a 12-year-old girl, complains of tightness in her chest and itchy, red skin. You observe rapid, labored breathing. You should suspect the presence of
Your patient is a 45-year-old homeless man who is suspected of hypothermia. The most important question to ask him is
Your patient is a 68-year-old obese man who lives in an attic room. It is a summer day, and the patient is complaining of weakness, muscle and abdominal cramps, and rapid heartbeat. You should suspect
You should suspect the possibility of shock in an adult patient who
The most common cause of airway obstruction is
All of the following are reasons that infants and children are prone to respiratory difficulties EXCEPT that they
Your patient is a newborn infant. You should consider the possibility of a breathing difficulty if the respiratory rate is
When assessing your patient’s airway, you hear snoring sounds. You should suspect that
What sign indicates that your patient’s tidal volume might be inadequate?
Which patient’s respiratory rate indicates inadequate breathing?
You hear gurgling in your patient’s airway. You should immediately
Your patient, a 49-year-old woman with a history of heart disease, has collapsed in her home. Your first action should be to
During suctioning, you ensure that your patient does not become deprived of oxygen by
The flow-restricted, oxygen powered ventilation device should NOT be used with
In what position should you place a child’s head for ventilation?
Your patient has a foreign-body airway obstruction. Three cycles of attempts to clear the airway have been unsuccessful. You should
Your patient’s chest rise during artificial ventilation is inadequate, even after you reposition the jaw. Your next step should be to
After obtaining medical direction, you are helping your patient use a prescribed inhaler. You should tell the patient to
Your patient, a 78-year-old man, has no pulse and has agonal respirations. You should
Most inhalers work by
You have assisted a patient in administering a prescribed inhaler. After one dose of the medication, the patient’s pulse rate increases, and he reports feeling nauseated. You should
You should remove your patient’s dentures in order to provide ventilation when
When delivering oxygen via a nasal cannula, you should set the flow rate at
You should use a nasal cannula for a patient who
The purpose of quickly opening and closing the valve on an oxygen tank before attaching the regulator is to
All of the following are signs of difficult breathing EXCEPT
When used with an inhaler, the purpose of a spacer is to
A patient should NOT use a prescribed inhaler if he or she is
For an adult patient, you would deliver artificial ventilations at the rate of one breath every
It is permissible to use the head-tilt/chin lift on a trauma patient only if
The nasopharyngeal airway is preferred over the oropharyngeal airway for responsive patients because it
The function of the white blood cells is to
Angina differs from a heart attack because in an attack of angina the
All of the following patients have signs and symptoms of cardiac chest pain and have their own prescriptions for nitroglycerin. Which patient should you NOT assist to take nitroglycerin?
When deciding whether to assist a patient in administering nitroglycerin, you should check the medicine for the patient’s name, the route of administration, the dose, and the
Your patient is a 67-year-old man with a history of cardiac disease who is unresponsive. After checking ABCs and finding no pulse, you begin CPR. The next thing you should do is to
Your patient is showing signs and symptoms of shock and a tender abdomen. She reports vomiting material that ”looked like coffee grounds.” You should suspect
Which patient is showing signs and symptoms of cardiac compromise?
Which blood vessel carries oxygen-poor blood to the heart?
Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygen rich blood out to the body tissues?
Central pulses may be palpated at the
The diastolic blood pressure represents the pressure in the brachial artery when the
The signs and symptoms of shock represent the body’s attempt to
Your patient is complaining of chest pain. Which question would you ask to assess the O part of the OPQRST algorithm?
All of the following are contradictions for administration of nitroglycerin EXCEPT that the patient
Which of the following is a side effect of nitroglycerine?
A patient is in greatest danger of severe internal bleeding from a fractured
Your patient suffered head trauma in a fall from a ladder. There is slight bleeding, mixed with clear fluid, from the ears. After stabilizing the spine and managing the airway and breathing, you should care for this bleeding by
Your patient, the victim of a stabbing, is bleeding profusely from a wound on his upper arm. Your first action should be to
A tourniquet is used to stop bleeding when
You have received medical permission to apply PASGs for your patient, who has severe bleeding caused by soft-tissue damage below the knee on both legs. Which compartments of the PASGs should you inflate?
Which is the best description of venous bleeding?
Your patient is bleeding heavily from a single spot on her leg. You attempt to stop the bleeding with a gloved fingertip placed over the wound but are unsuccessful. Your next step should be to
You should elevate a patient’s leg to control bleeding only if
The pulse of which artery can be palpated on the anterior surface of the foot?
After assisting a patient to administer nitroglycerin, you should
The automated external defibrillator is used to detect
Your patient, the victim of a car accident, has an obvious injury to her right leg. You should splint the injury before moving her UNLESS
You would place your patient’s foot in a position of comfort by
For which injury should you use a traction splint?
Which mechanism of injury suggests the likelihood of a spinal injury?
Your patient is a 17-year-old who has just fallen off a tall ladder. What is the first thing you should do after you have immobilized the cervical spine?
Your patient is a 33-year-old woman with a suspected spinal cord injury. After you have immobilized her to a long board, she vomits. You should
Your patient is a 28-year-old man who appears intoxicated. Bystanders report that the man seemed fine but suddenly began “acting strange.” You should suspect
How often should you assess the vital signs of a patient with altered mental status?
Your patient is a 23-year-old woman who calmly tells you that her thoughts are controlling the weather. Her body language and speech are nonthreatening and gentle. You should
When dealing with an obviously mentally unstable patient, you should NOT
Which patient should receive oral glucose?
The proper method for administering oral glucose is to
The central nervous system consists of the brain and the
Your patient has climbed out of his car unassisted after a car crash, but he is now complaining of back pain. You should
All of the following are signs and symptoms of possible head trauma EXCEPT
Your patient has suffered a head injury while wearing a tight-fitting sports helmet. You should remove the helmet if the
Common allergens include foods, insect stings, medications, and
With medical direction, you may administer epinephrine from a patient’s own autoinjector if the patient displays signs and symptoms of respiratory distress or
You have just administered activated charcoal to your patient. You should be alert for which side effect?
Which patient is most likely to be suffering from hypothermia?
Which set of vital signs suggests early hypothermia?
As a result of the mental status changes that accompany hypothermia, a patient may
The goal of emergency care for a hypothermic patient with reduced level of consciousness is to
Your patient, who has just run a 5 kilometer race, is a 24-year-old man with muscle cramps, dizziness, a rapid heartbeat, and cool, moist skin. You should do all of the following EXCEPT
Your patient has been bitten by a snake on her right middle finger. You should do all of the following EXCEPT
A child’s tongue is more likely than an adult’s to cause an airway obstruction because it
When suctioning an infant or small child, the vacuum should be no stronger than
The correct rate for providing artificial ventilations to infants and children is
Which patient is showing signs and symptoms of a lower airway obstruction due to illness?
Care for an unresponsive infant with a complete airway obstruction includes
Your patient is a 2-year-old child. Which of the following signs would alert you to early respiratory distress?
A common side effect of high fever in infants and small children is
Your patient is an 8-month-old infant with a recent history of vomiting and diarrhea. Which signs should alert you to the possibility of shock?
When ventilating an infant or small child with a bag-valve-mask, choose a bag with a volume of
Your patient is a 3-year-old girl. The best way to calm her before examining her would be to
The ”sniffing position” refers to the
Your patient is a 29-year-old woman pregnant with her third child. She tells you, “My water broke 15 minutes ago, and the contractions are 2 minutes apart, lasting 1 minute each.” The nearest hospital is 30 minutes away. You should
In what position should you transport an injured pregnant woman?
You are assisting in a delivery in the field. When the baby’s head appears during crowning, the first thing you should do is to
Fontanelles are the
After an infant is born, wrap it in a blanket and position it on its side with its
The third stage of labor consists of the
You have just assisted in the delivery of a newborn that has a good color and pulse but is not yet breathing. You should
A yellow or brownish color to the amniotic fluid means that there is a high likelihood of
Your patient is a 19-year-old woman who is experiencing profuse vaginal bleeding. Which question should you ask the patient during the SAMPLE history?
You are assessing a newborn. To give an APGAR score of”1″ for appearance, you would need to see
Your patient is a 24-year-old woman who tells you that she is 3 months pregnant. She is experiencing profuse vaginal bleeding and severe cramping. After administering oxygen, you should
Your patient is a 28-year-old pregnant woman who has just been in a minor car accident. Which set of vital signs would be normal for this patient?
Quality assurance refers to
As an EMT-Basic, you are acting as a patient advocate when you
The first stage of the grieving process is likely to consist of
All of the following are effective techniques for stress reduction EXCEPT
To be effective, hand washing should continue for at least
It is necessary to wear a mask and eye protection when
Which statement about disposable gloves is correct?
Which situation illustrates implied consent?
Placing a patient in the recovery position allows
During the scene-size-up, you should determine whether the scene is safe to enter and whether
Because EMS communication channels are considered to be public channels, you should transmit confidential information
Which of the following is NOT part of the standard medical report you give to the receiving facility?
You are splinting the injured leg of Angela Diaz, age 5. What should you say?
When your patient does not speak English, it is best to
Which of the following is an example of a subjective statement that should NOT be included in a prehospital care report?
While caring for a distraught child, you are too busy to take a required set of vital signs. When filling out the patient record, you should
As an EMT-Basic, your first responsibility when called to a potentially hazardous scene is to
Which of the following is an example of care that would be provided during triage?
Which patient would be given the LOWEST priority during triage?
Which of the following describes an emergency patient move?
You are called to the scene of a shooting. While caring for the victim, you see a gun and some empty cartridges. You should
In which situation should you wear protective eyewear, in addition to gloves and a gown?