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Which set of vital signs is within normal limits?
Use of accessory muscles, grunting, and stridor are all signs of
Your patient is a 23-year-old male who has sprained his ankle. He tells you that he is a marathon runner. When taking baseline vital signs, you find that his resting pulse is 48. You should
You assess the color, temperature, and condition of a patient’s skin to gather information about his or her
The reason for assessing a patient’s pupils is to look for signs of
Which statement about assessing blood pressure is correct?
The nature of illness refers to the
Your patient is unconscious as a result of a fall. In determining the mechanism of injury, it is most important to find out
Which trauma patient is at greatest risk for serious injury?
The S in the DCAP-BTLS acronym stands for
Your patient, a trauma victim, has flat jugular veins while he is lying down. This is a sign of
The upper quadrants of the abdomen begin just below the ribs and end at the
In addition to evaluating for DCAP-BTLS, you would evaluate a patient’s lower extremities for
For which patient can you safely perform only a focused assessment, after taking vital signs and a SAMPLE history?
Which question would you ask to evaluate the T part of the OPQRST acronym?
Which patient does NOT need a detailed physical examination?
You are en route to the receiving facility with a 71-year-old male patient with a history of heart disease. The patient’s distress has been relieved with nitroglycerine, and his vital signs are stable. How often should you reassess the patient’s vital signs?
The major purpose of the EMT’s interactions with a patient during transport is to continuously evaluate the patient’s
Your patient is a 62-year-old woman with chest pain. When assessing the P in the SAMPLE history, you might ask
The most significant information about a patient’s status is obtained from
If a patient’s respiratory rate is irregular, you should count the respirations for
When you hear wheezing during respirations, you can assume that
Which patient’s vital signs are abnormal?
You would check whether a patient was responsive to painful stimuli by
Which of the following is a priority patient who should be transported immediately?
The main purpose of the detailed physical examination is to
While performing a rapid trauma assessment of a patient who was injured in a motor vehicle accident, you note paradoxical motion. This indicates the presence of
The glottis is the
The glottis is the opening between the pharynx and the trachea.
What amount of oxygen can a non-rebreather mask deliver?
What is the general rule for administration of high-flow oxygen in the field?
Before placing a non-rebreather mask on a patient, you should
The purpose of the jaw thrust technique is to
The main purpose of a bulb syringe is to
When suctioning a patient, you would make sure that you did not insert the catheter too far by
While suctioning, if you cannot clear a patient’s mouth in 15 seconds, you should
Mouth-to-mouth ventilation should be used only if
Which of the following describes a correct technique for using mouth-to-mask ventilation with supplementary oxygen?
Which ventilation device should NOT be used on infants and small children?
The best indication that a patient is being ventilated adequately is
The breathing process begins when the diaphragm contracts and
You would assess a patient’s breath sounds by placing your stethoscope over the midaxillary line and the
Beta-agonist bronchodilators work by
Your patient is a 68-year-old woman with chronic respiratory disease. She is experiencing difficulty breathing in spite of home oxygen delivery. You should
In which situation should you assist a patient with using a prescribed inhaler?
Right before administering an inhaler to a patient, you should remove the patient’s oxygen mask and
If a toddler or small child is afraid to wear an oxygen mask, you should
Which patient’s respiratory rate is normal?
Which of the following is a sign of normal respiration in infants and children?
In order to control the flow rate of oxygen to the patient, you must
The airway of a child can become easily obstructed because, in comparison with an adult, a child has a
The major hazard associated with using and transporting oxygen tanks is that they can
The cricoid ring is located
All of the following are signs of inadequate breathing EXCEPT
Which of the following lists the correct order for cardiopulmonary circulation?
The exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide and food for body wastes takes place in the
The artery that can be palpated on the anterior surface of the foot is the
Which component of the blood is part of the body’s immune system?
Your patient is a 35-year-old woman who has been in an automobile accident. She has suspected injuries to the pelvis, right upper leg, and shoulder. Her vital signs are: pulse, 96, weak; respirations, 28/min, shallow; BP, 120/80. After checking the airway and administering oxygen, the next thing you should do is to
A part of the heart that is ischemic is one that is
Your patient is a 79-year-old man who is experiencing chest pain. Which question would you ask to investigate the O part of the OPQRST acronym?
All of the following may be signs and symptoms of cardiac compromise EXCEPT
Your patient is a 67-year-old woman with chest pain and a history of heart disease. After helping her take a dose of prescribed nitroglycerin, you find that her blood pressure is 96/68 and she is still in severe pain. Medical direction tells you to administer a second dose of nitroglycerin and transport. You should
Before you can analyze a patient’s heart rhythm with an automated external defibrillator, you must
Your patient is a 72-year-old woman in cardiac arrest. You verify that she is pulseless and hook up the AED to the patient. The AED says ”NO SHOCK.” You reconfirm that there is no pulse. You should now
While transporting a patient who has been resuscitated after cardiac arrest, you should check the pulse every
The cool, clammy skin that is a sign of shock results from
Delayed capillary refill is a reliable test of peripheral circulation in
Which patient is showing early signs and symptoms of shock?
The most important treatment intervention for shock is to maintain an open airway and to
Bleeding caused by a wound to one large artery or vein can usually be controlled by
The proper technique for applying the PASG to a patient with a suspected spinal injury is to
Your patient has profuse facial bleeding caused by trauma. You should stop the bleeding by
Your patient is a 27-year-old man who has been in a motorcycle accident. He is also bleeding heavily from his nose. How should
you position him?
Your patient is a 43-year-old woman who was hit by a car as a pedestrian. No spinal trauma is suspected, but the patient is showing signs of early shock and has a tender abdomen. You should strongly suspect
An injury that causes a piece of skin or soft tissue to be torn loose is
Your patient is a 62-year-old man who has survived a serious car crash. He is unconscious, cyanotic, and bleeding profusely from a thigh wound. Breathing is rapid and shallow. Other injuries are suspected. In which order should you provide care?
For which type of wound should you use an occlusive dressing that is taped on only three sides?
Which patient has burns that would be considered critical?
When treating a patient who has suffered an electrical burn, you should be alert for the possibility of
Before splinting an injury, you should do all of the following EXCEPT
Your patient has a painful deformity of the right lower leg. The pulse in the right posterior tibial artery is missing. Before splinting the injured leg, you should
Which bone requires the greatest force to break it?
All of the following are signs of bone or joint injuries EXCEPT
If you do not have a right size cervical collar to fit a patient with suspected spinal injury, you should
Whiplash injuries commonly occur when
Your patient is a 35-year-old woman, who is conscious and alert after a serious car accident. She has multiple injuries that suggest
spinal trauma. To help determine the extent of her spinal injury, you should ask her to
All of the following are signs of head injury EXCEPT
Which statement by a patient is most likely to suggest that the patient’s thinking is psychotic?
Your patient is agitated and confused and seems to be displaying symptoms of drug use. The best way to prevent the situation from becoming dangerous to the patient, yourself, or others is to
Which statement about the reasonable use of force is true?
Patients who are in a diabetic emergency often appear to bystanders to be
A patient who is in a postical state is one who has
Oral glucose is administered to patients who have a known history of diabetes and
A common food that can cause severe allergic reactions is
The most serious complication of a severe allergic reaction is likely to be
The medication given to patients with severe allergic reactions is
To help determine what poison a patient has ingested, you should be alert for chemical burns around the mouth as well as
An inhaled poison that is colorless and odorless and causes extreme sleepiness is
Your patient has accidentally sprayed insecticide in his eye. Immediate first aid should involve
If a patient vomits after ingesting activated charcoal, you should
When you sweat, your body loses heat through
Which patient is showing signs of early hypothermia?
A reliable sign of generalized hypothermia is
Your patient is a 14-year-old male who struck his head on a diving board and nearly drowned. Your first action should be to
Your patient is a girl, age 2, who has injured her leg. The best way to calm her while you are examining her is to
Which statement about suctioning infants and children is correct?
When you provide oxygen via the blow-by method, you
When providing artificial ventilation to infants and children, the correct rate is
In order to determine whether an infant is responsive to verbal stimuli, you would
You should assess circulation in infants by checking the pulse in the
The correct procedure for inserting an oral airway in an infant or child is to
When inserting an airway in an infant or child, use a tongue depressor and avoid rotating the airway.
In order to care for a child who has a partial upper airway obstruction, you should
The landmarks for abdominal thrusts in a child are the
In which of the following circumstances should you suspect the possibility of child abuse?
You should suspect the possibility of shock in a child who has a recent history of
The structure that nourishes a growing fetus before birth is the
Your patient, a 27-year-old woman who is pregnant with her second child, tells you, “My water broke an hour ago.” This should alert you that the patient
You would place your hand on a pregnant woman’s abdomen during contractions in order to determine
An average length of labor for a women who is having her first baby is approximately
You are assisting with a delivery in the field. As the baby’s head is born, you find that the cord is wrapped tightly around the infant’s neck and cannot be dislodged. You should
Right after her baby is delivered, a mother tells you that she feels contractions starting up again. You should
When is it normal for the baby’s head to rotate in the birth canal?
You are assessing a newborn who has a pink body but blue extremities, a pulse rate of 98/min, no response to suctioning, moderate flexion of the extremities, and a respiratory rate of 38/min. The APGAR score for this infant is
When should you expect an infant start to breathe on its own
A prolapsed cord is an emergency situation in which the umbilical cord is
Which of these situations is a true emergency that cannot be managed in the field?
Your patient is a 19-year-old woman with severe vaginal bleeding. As part of the SAMPLE history, it is particularly important to ask the patient if she
All of the following are examples of indirect medical direction EXCEPT
You should allow family members to remain with a patient EXCEPT when
Stress-management techniques include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, striking a balance between work and leisure activities, and, if necessary
To be effective at preventing the spread of disease, hand-washing should last for at least
In which situation are gloves alone sufficient body substance isolation protection?
A standard of care is the
A patient who claims that his injuries became more severe because an EMT did not perform at an acceptable level is relying on the legal concept of
Which situation might constitute legal abandonment of a patient?
Your patient is an adult male who was found in a state of collapse. He has no identification, and no one else is nearby. When you care for this patient, you are acting under the legal doctrine of
Your patient is a 25-year-old male who has had two seizures within the last hour. He shows no signs of drug or alcohol use. He now states that he feels fine and refuses both transport and further treatment. You should
In most states, you must report to the authorities any situation in which you
The power lift position refers to a position in which you
Whenever it is necessary to carry out an emergency move of a patient, it is important to
The first step in rapid extrication of a patient from a car is to
Which piece of equipment is used most often in rescue operations?
Which patient should be placed in the recovery position?
Which of the following is an example of correct language to use in a radio report?
A standard medical report format includes all of the following information EXCEPT
Which of the following is an example of an effective way to communicate with an elderly patient?
When health care professionals speak of trending, they are referring to
The acronym PEARL is used to describe