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The oropharynx refers to the area behind the
The tidal volume for an adult male of average size is approximately
Which patient is breathing adequately?
When using a nasal cannula to deliver oxygen, set the flow rate at
A patient should receive oxygen via a nonrebreather mask if he or she is having difficulty breathing or is
You should use the jaw thrust to open the airway if your patient
A danger of using a rigid suction catheter with infants and young children is that stimulating the back of the throat can
When suctioning any patient, you should insert the catheter no farther than the
The flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device should not be used on
You are ventilating an adult patient with the two-person bag-valve-mask procedure. Which sign would indicate that the patient is being adequately ventilated?
Your patient is a 35-year-old trauma victim. You are unable to open the airway by means of the jaw thrust and suctioning. You should
Which statement about inadequate breathing is correct?
Stridor is a sign of
Short, sudden respirations with long pauses in between are
Which patient would be most likely to have a barrel chest?
The purpose of listening with a stethoscope is to determine whether breath sounds are
Albuterol is prescribed as an inhaler under the trade names Proventil and
Your patient is a 24-year-old woman with a history of asthma. She is wheezing and gasping for breath and has a pulse rate of 88/min. You may assist her to use an inhaler if
Which of the following is a side effect of prescribed inhalers?
A seesaw pattern of breathing is a sign of
Your patient is unresponsive and has no gag reflex. After opening the airway, you should
The flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device is preferable to the bag-valve-mask technique when
Your patient has incurred facial trauma. Because of severe bleeding, blood is re-entering the airway as fast as you can suction it away. In this situation, you should
Your patient is complaining of shortness of breath but cannot tolerate a mask. You should
All of the following are signs of inadequate breathing EXCEPT
Another name for the windpipe is the
Inhalation begins when the
Which patient’s vital signs are within normal ranges?
To determine if the pupils of a patient’s eyes are normal, you would check to see whether they are equal and
Perfusion refers to the
All of the following are signs of labored respiration EXCEPT
A weak pulse may be an early sign of
Your patient is a 37-year-old woman who has been in a minor car accident. The patient is alert and oriented, and baseline vital signs are pulse, 76; respirations, 16/min; and BP, 118/78. When you check her vital signs 15 minutes later, you find that her pulse rate is now 92 and her respirations 24/minute and shallow. You should
For which patients should you palpate the pulse in the brachial artery?
Your patient’s vital signs are pulse, 96; respirations, 25/min; BP, 90/52. For which patient are these vital signs normal?
For which patient should you assess perfusion by checking capillary refill time?
All of the following are priority patients EXCEPT
When you use the DCAP-BTLS acronym to assess patients for injuries, the P refers to
The term crepitation refers to
Which question would you ask to evaluate the Q component of the OPQRST acronym?
A medical patient should receive a rapid trauma assessment if he or she
The purpose of the detailed physical examination is to
The components of the ongoing assessment include repeating the initial assessment, recording vital signs, repeating the focused assessment, and
To ensure that your patient does not consciously change the rate of breathing while you are assessing respirations, you should assess respirations
How does normal skin feel to the touch?
One way to assess skin color of infants and children is to check
When assessing a patient’s pupils in bright sunlight, you should
Your patient, a 26-year-old male, has a suspected broken ankle sustained while playing tennis. His vital signs are pulse, 58; respirations, 12; BP, 108/70; pupils normal and reactive; skin warm and dry. After recording these vital signs, you should
In infants and children, abdominal breathing is a sign of
Nonreactive pupils may be a sign of
When should you form your general impression of a patient’s condition?
Your patient is a 26-year-old male who has been in a motor vehicle accident. The patient’s radial pulse is weak, while the carotid pulse is strong. You should
Diastolic pressure is a measure of the
You are called to the home of an elderly woman who is obviously in respiratory distress. Gasping for breath, she tries to tell you the history of her lung problems, beginning in her youth. You should
When blood leaves the right ventricle of the heart, it travels through the
What artery can be palpated on the wrist, just above the thumb?
The function of platelets is to
Your patient is a 68-year-old man who is complaining of chest pain. Your assessment findings include a pulse rate of 92, a BP of 140/90, and some difficulty in breathing. After administering oxygen, you should determine if the patient has
You are the driver of a two-person crew that is transporting a 62-year-old cardiac patient to the hospital. The patient goes into cardiac arrest during transport. You should
When using an AED, after delivering the third shock, you should
The earliest signs of shock are
It is important to maintain body heat in a patient with shock because
Your patient has a wound on her left lower leg that is spurting large amounts of blood. Direct pressure alone is ineffective. Where should you apply indirect pressure?
Which of the following mechanisms of injury is NOT associated with severe internal bleeding?
How should you treat a sucking chest injury?
Your patient is an 84-year-old woman who is complaining of severe abdominal pain. The abdomen is rigid and tender. You should suspect
Your patient is a 6-year-old boy who is having a severe nosebleed. No trauma is suspected. You should
Cardiac pain differs from respiratory pain because cardiac pain
Which of the following is a CONTRAINDICATION for the administration of nitroglycerine?
Most of the cases of inappropriate shocks delivered by an AED have been caused by
Your patient is a 67-year-old woman who experienced cardiac arrest. You have resuscitated her by using an AED and are now transporting her. If she again becomes pulseless, you should
The term epistaxis refers to
The key to successful management of shock in the field is
Your patient is a 24-year-old man with a chest wound and signs and symptoms of shock. In what position should you place him?
You are treating a 39-year-old woman who has been in a motor vehicle accident. She has a suspected broken arm and leg, moderate bleeding from the leg wound, and signs and symptoms of early shock. Vital signs are: pulse, 96; respirations, 28 and shallow; BP, 110/78. Your treatment should focus on
Your patient is bleeding from a leg wound. The blood is dark red and oozing steadily. This describes
The purpose of using the PASG for a pelvic injury is to immobilize the pelvis and
All of the following are signs of internal bleeding into the gastrointestinal tract EXCEPT
Your patient, a 29-year-old man, has suffered a workplace injury that resulted in an amputated foot. You should care for the amputated foot by
Which statement about assessment of a patient with cardiac compromise is correct?
The three types of muscle tissue in the body are skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and
All of the following are signs of bone and joint injury EXCEPT
Your patient is a 19-year-old male who has been in a motorcycle crash. Vital signs are pulse, 92 and weak; respirations, 28, shallow; BP 116/80. He has suspected spinal injury, as well as a deformed, swollen, painful right foot. Blood loss is not significant. Your care should focus on
Which statement about assessment of a splinted extremity is correct?
The sling and swathe is used to protect an injury to the
For which kind of injury should you use a pneumatic splint?
The use of reasonable force when dealing with a patient with a behavioral disorder refers to
Based on behavioral signs, which patient is most likely to become violent?
Risk factors for behavioral changes include diabetic emergency, drugs or alcohol, exposure to heat or cold, and
The term psychotic refers to persons who are
Your patient is a 61-year-old man who tells you that his wife died recently. He is well-dressed and speaks rationally. As you speak to him, you notice a large number of pills on his kitchen table. You should suspect that the
The term hypoglycemia refers to
Rapid onset of altered mental status in a diabetic patient often results when the patient
Your patient is a 20-year-old man who has been in a motorcycle accident. Spinal and head injury are suspected. After your initial assessment, you should reassess vital signs
Your patient is a 23-year-old man who has suffered possible spinal trauma while playing football. He is still wearing his sports helmet as you begin your initial assessment. You should remove the helmet if it
You should NOT attempt to stop bleeding from a cut on the head by applying direct pressure if you suspect
Your patient, a 45-year-old woman, is still seated in her car after a crash. What technique should you use to immobilize her spine?
Signs of a severe allergic reaction include respiratory distress and
Which patient should probably receive epinephrine via autoinjector in the field?
Your patient is showing signs of possible carbon monoxide poisoning. Your first concern should be to
For which patient might you request permission to administer activated charcoal?
Any time a patient is found unresponsive in the water, you should first suspect
A patient who is lying on the cold ground without insulating material placed under him will lose heat rapidly. This is an example of heat loss by
Alcohol can contribute to hypothermia in two ways: by affecting the patient’s judgment and by increasing heat loss through
You would evaluate the severity of a patient’s hyperthermia by assessing the
The major differences between the airway of a child and that of an adult are that the child’s airway is
In the care of children, airway adjuncts are used when the
You should select the correct size oropharyngeal airway for a child by measuring from the
When administering oxygen via the blow-by method to a child, the flow rate should be set at
When providing artificial ventilation to infants and small children, the correct rate is one breath every
Which patient is showing signs of partial upper airway obstruction due to the presence of a foreign body?
The main priority of care for a child who is having a seizure is to
Which of the following patients is showing signs and symptoms of respiratory arrest?
Secondary drowning refers to
Which of the following is a suspected victim of child neglect?
Your patient is a 9-month-old infant who has been scalded over 40 percent of her body. Her mother explains that the baby climbed into the bathtub and turned on the hot water by mistake. You should
Crowning refers to the
When caring for a patient whose baby is delivering in a breech presentation, you should do all of the following EXCEPT
The correct way to stimulate a newborn to breathe is to
An infant who has a pink body and blue extremities, a pulse rate of 110/min, moderate muscle tone, good respirations, and who cries when you suction the nose, has an APGAR score of
You are assisting with childbirth in the field. As the infant’s head is delivered, you should check to see if the
You are caring for a victim of a motor-vehicle accident who is approximately 7 months pregnant. The mechanism of injury strongly suggests spinal trauma. How should you position the patient during transport?
What vital sign changes are normal during pregnancy?
Which patient is most likely to deliver her baby on the scene?
The first stage of labor ends when
When caring for a rape victim, it is important to discourage the patient from
When assisting at a delivery in the field, you should clamp, tie, and cut the umbilical cord
If a newborn infant’s respiratory effort is inadequate, your first intervention should be to
As an EMT-Basic, you can demonstrate positive professional attributes by maintaining a professional appearance and
You should wear a high-efficiency particulate air (H.E.P.A) respirator when you transport a patient with
When you are wearing gloves to care for a patient, and you begin to care for a different patient, you should
What protective equipment is recommended when you are suctioning a patient’s airway?
In order for expressed consent to treatment to be valid, the patient must be of legal age and able to make a rational decision, and you must
In which situation would you be treating a patient under an assumption of implied consent?
Which situation might you be found to have committed assault against a patient?
In some circumstances, you may legally provide confidential patient information to the receiving hospital, law enforcement agencies, or the patient’s
You are called to a bank where a hold-up has just occurred. Police are on scene, and through the large front window, you can see several injured people. You should enter this scene
When you lift a patient, you should
The proper technique for carrying a patient with possible spinal injury down a flight of stairs is to
All of the following are correct principles for lifting and moving patients EXCEPT
The purpose of encoders and decoders in a radio system is to
The purpose of encoders and decoders, which block out transmissions not intended for the specific unit, is to reduce unnecessary radio traffic on a frequency
Which of the following is NOT part of the standard medical reporting format information?
Which of the following is an example of subjective information that should NOT appear on a patient record?
You discover an error in a patient report after you have submitted it. You should
You should file a special situations report if you
Which piece of equipment can be cleaned and reused?
When approaching an air transport helicopter, you should
You are called to the scene of a car crash. The rescue crew tells you that the patient, who is still trapped inside the car, is not breathing. After ascertaining that the scene is safe to enter, you should
The U.S. Department of Transportation’s book the Emergency Response Guidebook tells you how to deal with